Recherche Presentation

The SIRIUS Chair produces research work in the form of PhD theses, supervised by its team, scientific papers in international symposia, books or articles published in international peer-reviewed journals and analytical notes, which it publishes at regular intervals.

The SIRIUS Chair also invites guest lecturers and organizes seminars for research or discussions. It coordinates the annual “Law and Space” workshops and manages the SIRIUS Space Days every two years, which bring together the international scientific community in its areas of research, on a range of topical issues.






  • RAPP L, CARME N. & DURAND-CARRIER R., “Space Industrial War: Towards a Wave of Takeovers in the Global Arms Industry”, 4th Manfred Lach Conference, Montreal, MacGill, 2016.
  • DOS SANTOS PAULINO, V. & LE HIR G., “Industry structure and disruptive innovations: the satellite industry”, Journal of Innovation Economics and Management, Vol. 20, 2016, p. 37-60,


  • RAPP L., “V° Activités spatiales”, in Dictionnaire des Régulations, Lextenso, 2015.
  • DOS SANTOS PAULINO V., MARTIN A. & RAPP L., “Would Satellite Miniaturization Be a ‘Disruptive Innovation’?”, Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Global Space Governance, McGill, 2015.


  • DOS SANTOS PAULINO V., “Influence of risk on technology adoption: inertia strategy in the space industry”, European Journal of Innovation Management, 17(1), 2014, p.41–60.
  • DOS SANTOS PAULINO V. & TAHRI N., “Les obstacles à l’innovation en France : analyse et recommandations” Revue Management et Avenir, (69), 2014, p.70–88.
  • D’ARMAGNAC S., “Issues in the management of embedded knowledge in project-based organizations: the project actor’s role”, Knowledge Management Research & Practice, January 2014.
  • LAMINE W. & FAYOLLE A.., “Quel apport de la théorie de l’acteur-réseau pour appréhender la dynamique de construction du réseau entrepreneurial”, Management International, May 2014.
  • RAPP L., “BUILDING BRIDGES : Lessons of Governance from Cyberspace to Outerspace”, Proceedings of 2nd Manfred Lach Conference, Montreal, MacGill, 2014.
  • RAPP L., “Numérique et Concurrence”, RFDA n°5, September-October 2014, p.896.
  • RAPP L., “Filing the Gap – Legal and Regulatory Challenges of mHealth in Europe”, International Telecommunications Union, 2014.


  • BARBAROUX P. & DOS SANTOS PAULINO V., “Le rôle de la Défense dans l’émergence d’une nouvelle industrie : le cas de l’industrie spatiale”,  Innovations – les cahiers d’économie et de management de l’innovation, 42, 2013.
  • RAPP L., “Releasing the Potential for Economic Growth in the Space Sector, Space Law Symposium”, American Bar Association, Washington, USA, June 2013.
  • SALVETAT D., GÉRAUDEL M. & D’ARMAGNAC, S., “Inter-organizational knowledge management in a coopetitive context in the aeronautic and space industry”, Knowledge Management Research and Practice, No. 11, August 2013, p. 265-277.


  • DOS SANTOS PAULINO V., “Développement d’une demande commerciale et dynamiques d’innovation : le cas de l’industrie spatiale européenne”, La Revue des Sciences Commerciales, 12, 2011, p.37–58


  • DOS SANTOS PAULINO V. & CALLOIS M., “Innovation and reliability strategies in the defense, space and semiconductor industries: A comparative analysis”, International Journal of Innovation Management, 14(5), 2010, p.795–821.
  • RAPP L., “Use of Satellite Image as Judicial Evidence”, Colloque Evidence from Space, Imperial College, London, 2010.

Before 2010

  • DOS SANTOS PAULINO V. & CALLOIS M., “Le dilemme innovation et fiabilité : analyse comparative des industries militaro-spatiale et de semi-conducteurs”, Revue d’Economie Industrielle, 125 (1° trimestre), 2009, p.53–74.
  • DOS SANTOS PAULINO V., “Organizational change in risky environments: space activities”, Journal of Organizational Change Management, 22(3), 2009, p.257–274.
  • DOS SANTOS PAULINO V., “Stabilité dans l’usage des TIC et dans les formes organisationnelles de l’industrie spatiale : quelques éléments d’interprétation”, Gérer & Comprendre, 86, 2006, p.27–36.

ALCOUFFE C. & D’ARMAGNAC S., “Développer les capacités de l’entreprise par une meilleure gestion des frontières : les formes de coopération dans les secteurs de l’aéronautique et du spatial”, Bernard Baudry et Benjamin Dubrion, Analyses et transformations de la firme : une approche pluridisciplinaire, Paris : La Découverte, 2009, p. 215-229.



  • ALARY D. & RAPP L.,Steps towards ICSO : International Civil Space Organisation, Re-inventing Space’19, Belfast, 12-14 November 2019.
  • RAPP L., LONG G., LUCAS-RHIMBASSEN M., MIRAMONT D. & SANTOS C., Legal Risks of Artificial Intelligence in Space”, Re-inventing Space’19, Belfast, 12-14 November 2019.
  • RAPP L., LUCAS-RHIMBASSEN M. & SANTOS C., Mega constellations – Liability and Insurance Issues, 70th IAC Conference, Washington, D.C., United States, 21-25 October 2019.
  • RAPP L., LUCAS-RHIMBASSEN M. & SANTOS C., Breaking the Golden Chain of Transparency: Crosslinks between cyber threat and blockchain within space and gold industries, 70th IAC Conference, Washington, D.C., United States, 21-25 October 2019.
  • RAPP L., LONG G. & SANTOS C., Special session on Space and Artificial Intelligence, 70th IAC Conference, Washington, D.C., United States, 21-25 October 2019.
  • ALARY D. & RAPP L., What if …, 70th IAC Conference, Washington, D.C., United States, 21-25 October 2019.
  • GIRMA-VIDAL B., “Dépendance et pouvoir perçus dans la chaîne de valeur : quels impacts sur la relation et la performance client-fournisseur ? Une étude de cas appliquée aux industries aéronautique, spatiale et de défense“, SIRIUS Workshop 2019: Research Advances in Management Science and Law Applied to the Space Sector, Toulouse, France, 15 October 2019.
  • RAPP L., LONG G. A., LUCAS-RHIMBASSEN M. & SANTOS C.,  “Conceptual model for a profitable return on investment from space debris as abiotic space resource”, EUCASS’19, Spain, Madrid, 1-4 July 2019.
  • TESTA P., DOS SANTOS PAULINO V., & DECAUDIN J.,Industry-academia innovation co- development: the case of space-based technology”, EURAM (European Academy of Management), Lisbonne, Portugal, 28 June 2019.
  • ALARY D., “Space Traffic Management: Top-Down or Bottom-Up?”, Summit for Space Sustainability, Washington, D.C., United States, 25 June 2019.
  • DOS SANTOS PAULINO V., Emergence of high technology markets: the case of space business, 2d Treasure Workshop 21-22 May 2019, TREASURE: A response to user needs in PPP and RTK, Toulouse, 22 May 2019.
  • DOS SANTOS PAULINO V. & JANSOU E., “Brainstorming session on business models for GNSS”, 2nd TREASURE Workshop: Scientific Board Meeting, Toulouse, France, 22 May 2019.
  • TESTA P., “Market introduction of the TREASURE conceptual prototype”, 2nd TREASURE Workshop: A Response to User Needs in PPP and RTK, Toulouse, France, 22 May 2019.
  • RAPP L. & SANTOS C., “Nudging Space – possible Governance for space Safety”, IAASS Conference “Making Safety Happen”, Los Angeles, United States, 15-17 May 2019.
  • CLERC P. & RAPP L., “New Space”, Cycle de conférence ENS Ulm : “Ethique de la conquête spatiale”, France, Paris, 27 March 2019.
  • RAPP L., Beyond the Craddle’19 (MIT, Harvard and Sloan Business School), Boston, United States, 13-15 March 2019.
  • RAPP L., MIRAMONT D. & SANTOS C., High Resolution Satellite Imagery and Potential Identification of Individuals,  P. Soille, S. Loekken, and S. Albani (Eds.) Proc. of the 2019 conference on Big Data from Space (BiDS’2019), EUR 29660 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 19 et 21 February 2019, p.237-240.


  • ALARY D., CLERC P., MORANTA S. & RAPP L., “Toward an International Organization to handle a Sustainable Space Traffic Management – A functional approach of ICSO”, IAC-18-E3.4.10, Bremen, Oct. 2018.
  • DOS SANTOS PAULINO V., Innovators hinder the technology adoption by early adopters: the case of space industry”. In Forum Innovation 8, Nimes, 2018, 30 p.
  • TEISSANDIER M. & BOUTARY M., Internationalization of subcontracting SMEs: how do they learn? The case of space industry in France”. In The 22nd Mc Gill Conference on International Entrepreneurship,  Halmstad, 2018, 14 p.
  • DOS SANTOS PAULINO V.,Innovators hinder the technology adoption by early adopters: the case of space industry” – Presented at the 3rd Abbé Grégoire Innovation Days, Paris, France, 2018.
  • TESTA P., “How a permanent link between industry and scientific community can enhance innovation: the case of GNSS downstream markets” – Presented at the 3rd Abbé Grégoire Innovation Days, Paris, France, 2018.




  •  DOS SANTOS PAULINE V. & LE HIR G., “Petits satellites : La miniaturisation des satellites est-elle une innovation de rupture?” 6° rencontres Droit et Espace. Toulouse, France, September 2016.
  • PÉREZ L., DOS SANTOS PAULINE V. & CAMBRA-FIERRO J., “Taking advantage of disruptive innovations in the space sector”, ISPIM XXVII Innovation Conference. Porto, Portugal, June 2016.
  • DOS SANTOS PAULINO V. & LE HIR G., “Industry structure and disruptive innovations: the satellite industry”Forum Innovation VII : Dynamique des trajectoires, Paris, France, June 2016.
  • RAPP L., CARME N. & DURAND-CARRIER R., “Space industrial war: Towards a risk of creeping takeovers in the global space industry?”4th Manfred Lachs International Conference on Conflicts in Space and the Rule of Law, Institute of Air & Space Law, McGill University, Montreal, Canada, May 2016.
  • BARBAROUX P. & DOS SANTOS PAULINO V., “A demand-based view of industry evolution: the case of the space industry (1957-2011)”Joint Conference of Association of Business Historians (ABH) and Gesellschaft für Unternehmensgeschichte (GUG), Berlin, Germany, May 2016.
  • RAPP L., « Synthèse – Éléments juridiques »Coopérations spatiales Internationales : entre évidence scientifique, enjeux politiques et aspects culturels, Colloque organisé par l’Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès, Toulouse, France, January 2016.


  • LE HIR G., DOS SANTOS PAULINO V. & MARTIN A., “Are European space firms facing an innovator’s dilemma?”, ISPIM Conference – Shaping the Frontiers of Innovation Management, June 2015.
  • RAPP L., “Le contentieux des débris spatiaux”, Colloque, Dijon, France, October 2015.
  • RAPP L., DOS SANTOS PAULINO V. & MARTIN A., “New Entrants Threatening Existing Firms in Space Industry – Would Satellite Miniaturization Be a Disruptive Innovation?”, 3rd MLC, Montreal, March 2015.
  • RAPP L., “Space Industry facing the new Directive Concession”, Bavairia BHO, Munich, February 2015.
  • RAPP L., “Space and m-Health : Application to the Ivory Coast”, 1res Assises du Numérique de la Côte d’Ivoire (Abidjan), May 2015.
  • RAPP L., “Space and Legal Aspects of CyberCrime”, Toulouse Cyberdefence Workshop, April 2015.


  • RAPP L., “Qu’est-ce que le patrimoine immatériel d’une entreprise du secteur spatial ?”, 5e Ateliers Droit & Espace, Toulouse, October 2014.
  • RAPP L., “Building Bridges on Global Governance Issues : Is Cyberspace reshaping Outerspace ?”, Colloque de Montréal sur la “Global Space Governance”, MLC 2014 Mc Gill, May 2014.
  • DE POULPIQUET JM.,  “International cooperation in Space sector”, IAC Toronto/IISL, October 2014.
  • DE POULPIQUET J.M. & CANET-SAHIN C., “Le Tourisme Spatial”, Colloque IFR Toulouse sur “Le Voyage”, June 2014.
  • DOS SANTOS PAULINO V., “Innovators Hinder the technology adoption of early adopters: The case of the space Industry”, Forum Innovation VI – Edition 2014 – Crise, innovation et transition, October 2014.
  • RAPP L., “L’industrie spatiale à l’heure des Partenariats Public Privé”, Société Française de Droit Aérien et Spatial, April 2014.
  • RAPP L., “Sirius”, Futurapolis – Le Point, May 2014.

Studies currently under way

Industrial dynamics

This project aims to improve our knowledge of the role played by demand forces in shaping industrial evolution. We particularly address situations where it is impossible to understand the industry evolution by analyzing the purchases made by the different types of customers. To address these situations, we adopt an explanatory approach based on the concept of demand profile. The demand profile is a particular configuration of heterogeneous motives whose levels evolve over time.

Making the removal of space debris a business opportunity

This project aims to develop an economic model based on the concepts of public economics and environmental economics. The model will be developed and calibrated empirically using data from the sector. The primary goal of this study is to quantify the key variables for placing a value on the removal of debris. In a second step, the model developed could be used to create simulations to measure the economic impacts of various proposed solutions.

New players and small satellites

This project aims at analyzing the arrival of new entrants supplying smaller satellites compared to traditional large satellites supplied by incumbents.
We use the innovator’s dilemma framework to analyze the threat of new entrants.

Influence of supply chain dependence on corporate efficiency in a multiple actor context

The importance of investigating the influence of supply chain dependence on corporate efficiency in a multiple actor context is seen from the fact that the typical industrial company spends 50 to 85 per cent of its turnover on purchased goods, such as raw materials, components or semi-manufactured goods. Within the aerospace industry, in order to be more profitable, this ratio has also increased over the last decades, making major aerospace manufacturers more and more dependent on their supply chain. In parallel, companies’ obsession with speed and costs causes supply chain to break down particularly during the launch of new products and a single disruption of any one entity in a supply chain affects the entire chain. Consequently, supply chain management and integration become highly critical to company success, since problems far down in the supply chain can cause delays that ripple across the industry.

Influence of first adopters in the diffusion of innovation

The objective of this project is to study the influence of first adopters in the adoption of innovations by the bulk of adopters. Our preliminary results indicate that first adopters have a complex influence on diffusion. On the one hand, first adopters seem to be able to hinder the diffusion of innovations. On the other hand, we also observe that first adopters have a positive influence on diffusion dynamics.

Talent management in the long term: paradoxes and opportunities

Talent management is a way of adapting a company’s human resources to its strategic objectives. Talent management is based on a long-term vision: the planning of a company’s human resources with a view to its future development. However, businesses have to cope with change: changing technologies, new trades, modified relationships with the companies in its environment, and altered conditions of competition, among others. How can talent managers, human resources staff or line managers combine agility and human resource planning?

Our research aims to clarify the paradoxes and opportunities of talent management to enable all stakeholders in the company to benefit in the long term.


The notes

Note 1

Satellite Miniaturization – Are new space entrants about to threaten existing space industry?

Note 2

Building bridges on global governance issues: cyberspace shaping out outer space?

Note 3

Towards a private remote sensing order, a necessary leap

Note 4

Innovation: caution as a strategic advantage

Note 5

What hinders innovation in France?

Note 6

Disruptive innovation and historical players: the case of the satellite industry

Note 7

Internet and Space – the blurring of technological boundaries

  • BOSC J.M., Defense contracts, Offsets and European commercial policy, 2013-2016, financed by Cadre Turbomeca
  • CANET-SAHIN C., Research on Legal Aspects of Nano-satellites, 2013-2016, financed by ATER
  • CARME N., Research on Space Objects and Property in International Law, 2015-2018, financed by Toulouse 1 Capitole University – SIRIUS
  • DE POULPIQUET  J.M., Research on Legal Regime of Satellite Registration, 2013-2016, financed by le CNES/EDAA
  • DURAND-CARRIER R., DELIDA (Determining Liability for Damages due to Debris in Outer space), 2015-2018, financed by CNES/MP Region
  • GIRMA-VIDAL B., Influence of supply chain dependence on corporate efficiency in a multiple actor context: the case of the aerospace industry, 2014-2017, financed by a doctoral contract SIRIUS
  • MIRAMONT D., Research on Legal Aspects of Space Data, 2014-2017, financed by le CNES/EDAA
  • N’CHO J., D’ARMAGNAC S., & AL ARRIS A., “La gestion des talents dans les industries cycliques: rapport préliminaire”, Toulouse, 2017
  • RHIMBASSEN M., “Resiliensis Spatialis”, Toulouse, 2018
  • TAPALOVA S., Research on Legal Aspects of Space Imagery – A Comparative Study, 2013-2016, financed by CIFRE
  • TEISSANDIER M., Awards a global and competitive strategy of the European space companies: the role of key players, 2014
Students' Works


  • Albarakati, W.  (2019). On flight connectivity Analysis. In: Toulouse Business School – Aerospace MBA – Space Business and Applications Track. Toulouse, France.
  • Birouti, E. (2019). Baggage tracer: tracing baggage through GPS and space application support. In: Toulouse Business School – Aerospace MBA – Space Business and Applications Track. Toulouse, France.
  • Chng, W. Y., & Le Huy, N. H. (2019). Organizational ambidexterity: How space companies can balance exploitation and exploration to compete successfully in the launch business. Toulouse Business School. Master 2: Aerospace Management.
  • Commenge, M. (2019). Does virtual distribution favour Born global SMEs? The TerraNIS’s case. Toulouse Business School, Toulouse, France.
  • Ganguli, S. (2019).  Launch of In-flight Connectivity. In: Toulouse Business School – Aerospace MBA – Space Business and Applications Track. Toulouse, France.
  • Haibo, H. (2019) Airbus space business diagnosis & recommendations. In: Toulouse Business School – Aerospace MBA – Space Business and Applications Track. Toulouse, France.
  • Iris, M. (2019) OHB System & New Space. In: Toulouse Business School – Aerospace MBA – Space Business and Applications Track. Toulouse, France.
  • Liu, X. (2019). A Self Reflection for My Company: China Academy of Space Technology (CAST). In: Toulouse Business School – Aerospace MBA – Space Business and Applications Track. Toulouse, France.
  • Nugraha, A. B., & Reksoprodjo, A. R. (2019). Study in space sector collaboration. Toulouse Business School. Master 2: Aerospace Management.
  • Ortega, R. (2019) Space applications for agriculture: a broker perspective. In: Toulouse Business School – Aerospace MBA – Space Business and Applications Track. Toulouse, France.
  • Rueda-Medina, M., & Weber, L. (2019). La motivation des nouveaux entrants : Le cas des GAFAM dans le secteur spatial. Toulouse Business School. Master 2 : Management de l’Innovation High-Tech.
  • Tantatoui, E.A.K. (2019) Should we send Cars to Space ? Should Car Equipment Manufacturer consider new Space Applications ? In: Toulouse Business School – Aerospace MBA – Space Business and Applications Track. Toulouse, France
  • Zhang, Y. (2019) Chinese Aero+Space Reunion. In: Toulouse Business School – Aerospace MBA – Space Business and Applications Track. Toulouse, France.